Chronology of Adult Education in Canada

Start Date Event Name Notes Category End Date

1600 Aboriginal residents assisted arriving colonists with knowledge of local geography, climate, housing, transportation and survival methods

1606 The 'Order of Good Cheer' established - Port Royal - Samuel de Champlain

1663 Séminaire de Québec established Now Université Laval

1775 Methodist immigrants to Nova Scotia establish adult religious study groups Usually in adherents' homes

1785 College of New Brunswick (1800-1828) established. Subsequent names, King's College (1828-1859) and now University of New Brunswick.

1790 **Agricultural societies form in Nova Scotia Approximate time period

1800 * First circulating library established in Upper Canada

1802 Saint Mary's College established. Now Saint Mary's University.

1816 "* First Common School Act in Upper Canada - adults allowed to learn reading, writing & arithmetic"

1818 Collège universitaire de Saint-Boniface established

1818 Dalhousie University established

1821 King's College at York (1827-1849) established. Now University of Toronto.

1821 University of McGill College (1821-1885) established. Now McGill University.

1822 ** John Young's Letters of Agricola published

1827 ** First Mechanics' Institutes established

1831 Quebec Mechanics' Institute established

1832 A short-lived Mechanic's Institute was established in Halifax

1835 ** Nova Scotia Horticultural Society Established

1838 Queen's College established in Nova Scotia Now Acadia University.

1839 "An act to incorporate the Saint John, New Brunswick Mechanics' Institute and museum"

1839 A Mechanics' Institute was established in Prince Edward Island

1839 Weslyan Academy (1839-1862) established in New Brunswick Subsequent names, Mount Allison Wesleyan College (1862-1886), University of Mount Allison College (1886-1913), now Mount Allison University

1841 An act of Lower Canada consolidating the Montréal Natural History Society, the Montréal Library and the Mechanics' Institute Under the authority of the City of Montréal.

1841 Queen's College at Kingston established. Now Queen's University at Kingston.

1843 Bishop's College established in Quebec Now Bishop's University.

1844 ** L'Institut canadien de Quebec

1845 An act to incorporate the Mechanics' Institute of Montréal

1847 "An act to incorporate a Mechanics' Institute at Toronto, Ontario"

1847 A short-lived Mechanics' Institute was established in Bytown (Ottawa)

1848 A Temperance Hall Company incorporated in Halifax

1848 College of Bytown established Subsequent names, College of Ottawa (1861), University of Ottawa (1866), University of Ottawa/Université d'Ottawa.

1850 "* Private night schools for adults are established, primarily in urban centres"

1850 Halifax Mechanics' Institute incorporated

1851 * Canada's first Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) established in Montréal

1852 "Université Laval established, formerly séminaire de Québec"

1852 ** L'Institut Canadien Francais d'Ottawa

1853 * Canada's first Young Women's Christian Association (YWCA) established in Toronto

1853 ** The Toronto YWCA was established

1853 A Mechanics' Institute was established in Bytown (Ottawa)

1853 St. Francis Xavier College/Seminary (1855) established in Nova Scotia. Subsequent name, St. Francis Xavier University.

1854 ** Toronto Public Library established

1855 "An act to establish a Mechanics' Institute at Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island"

1855 ** First night schools in Toronto; night schools in other parts of Quebec and Ontario at about same time

1855 ** McGill University organizes public lecture series and begins classes for women

1855 St. Dunstan's University (1855) established on Prince Edward Island Subsequent names, Prince of Wales College (1860), University of Prince Edward Island established (1969)

1856 "An Act of the Province of Canada enabling incorporated Library Associations and Mechanics' Institutes in locations of more than three thousand population, and to hold real property"

1856 Mechanics' Institutes identified in operation at many locations. Québec City, Montréal, Kingston, Toronto, London, Niagara, Hamilton, Belleville, Brockville, Bytown, Cobourg, Perth, Picton, Guelph, St. Thomas, Brantford, St. Catherines, Goderich, Whitby, Three Rivers, Berthier, Simco, Woodstock, Brampton, Dunville, Milton, Owen Sound, Port Sarnia, Chatham, County of Halton, County of Sherbrooke, Port Hope, Stratford, Peterborough, Ibreville, Renfrew, Mitchell, Berlin, Fonthill, Dundas, Oakville, Watertown, St. Vincent de Paul, Huntingdon, L'Orignal, Chambly, Prescott, Barrie, St. Léon, Dumontville, St. Césaire, West Flamborough, Galt, Lachute, Bowmanville, Lanoraye, Paris, St. Hyacinthe, Sorel, Hemmingford, Smith Falls, Chatham (Lower Canada), Rimouski, Metcalf, Village of Aylmer, Ayer

1857 An act establishing in Upper Canada, the Board of Arts and Manufactures. Stimulating the ingenuity of the mechanic and artisan by means of prizes and distinctions.

1857 Assumption College established in Ontario Subsequent names, Assumption University of Windsor, and now, University of Windsor.

1858 "** First cooperative society developed - Stellarton, Nova Scotia"

1858 "A Mechanics' Institute was incorporated at St. Andrews, New Brunswick"

1858 ** Foundation of La Societe historique de Montréal

1859 "Kingston, Ontario YMCA begins what may be Canada's first formal adult literacy programs"

1859 A Central School of Art and Manufactures established at Montréal

1861 "* Canada's first permanent store or cooperative society established in Stellarton, Nova Scotia"

1862 "An act to incorporate a Mechanics' Institute at Dartmouth, Nova Scotia"

1862 ** Nova Scotia Institute of Science founded

1863 Huron College established Now called Huron University College.

1864 Le Collège Saint_Joeseph established in New Brunswick Subsequently named, le Collège du Sacré-Coeur and now, Université de Moncton.

1865 "A Mechanics' Institute was incorporated at Sussex Vale, New Brunswick"

1866 * YMCA began first non-military educational program for military protecting Canada from Fenian raids

1867 "A Mechanics' Institute Savings Bank was incorporated at Pictou, Nova Scotia"

1868 "** YMCA established in Saint John, New Brunswick"

1871 British Columbia passes the Literary Societies Act (including Mechanics' Institutes)

1871 Manitoba College established in Manitoba. Subsequent names, Wesley College (1881), United College (1938), and now, The University of Winnipeg.

1872 "* Canada's first ""Grange"" - an agricultural organization for the protection of farmers"

1873 Loyola College established in Quebec. Subsequent name Concordia University after merger with Sir George Williams University.

1873 Mount Saint Vincent Academy (1873-1925) established in Nova Scotia. Subsequent names, Mount Saint Vincent College (1925-1966), and now, Mount Saint Vincent University.

1873 École des Sciences Appliquées aux Arts et à l’Industrie" established in Quebec Subseqhent name, École Polytechnique de Montréal.

1874 "* The first English-language agricultural school is established in Guelph, Ontario"

1875 Cercles agricoles begin to be established in Québec

1876 Canada-wide participation as exhibitors at the International Exhibition of Philadelphia

1876 Royal Military College/Collège militaire royal du Canada of Canada established

1877 The University of Manitoba established

1878 "** A penny reading society was established in Prince Albert, Northwest Territories"

1878 Université Laval à Montréal established. Now named the Université de Montréal

1878 Western University of London established. Now named the University of Western Ontario.

1879 "** Emmanuel College established at Prince Albert, Northwest Territories"

1879 "** Estimated 766 local Granges in Ontario, with estimated membership of 31,000"

1880 * Government of Ontario created public libraries

1883 * Two women's colleges for medical education were established One affiliated with Queen's University and the other  with the University of Toronto.

1883 Emily Stowe became the first female physician to graduate from a Canadian medical school. The Toronto Woman's Medical College.

1884 "** Canadian Pacific Railway library formed in Winnipeg, Northwest Territories"

1884 ** Ontario Farmers' Institutes Established See also 1894 - contested date

1886 * Canadian Government established the system of Dominion Experimental Farms

1886 ** Knights of Labour have 200 assemblies in Canada

1887 McMaster University established

1887 Victoria College of Art (1887-1925) established in Nova Scotia. Subsequent names, Nova Scotia College of Art (1925-1969), and now, Nova Scotia College of Art and Design.

1888 "* Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario began offering extension courses"

1889 Night schools began in Montréal and Québec City

1887 Canadian Pacific Railway library began at Moose Jaw, Northwest Territories 1890

1890 * Guelph school of agriculture begins educational travelling dairy trains.

1890 Collège Sainte-Anne" established in Nova Scotia. Now named, Université Sainte-Anne.

1890 Ordinance passed authorizing the establishment of mechanics' and literary institutes throughout the prairie West. Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories

1891 "The Young Ladies Club of Baddeck, Nova Scotia founded"

1891 * University of Toronto began offering extension courses

1891 * The Canadian Association for the Extension of University Teaching was founded. 1892

1892 "* The Canadian Club program commenced in Hamilton, Ontario"

1892 "** Mechanics' Institute established at Grenfell, Northwest Territories"

1892 Medicine Hat (Northwest Territories )Young People's Mutual Improvement Society was established

1893 "* The National Council of Women was inaugurated in Toronto, Ontario"

1893 "** Mechanics' Institute established at Prince Albert and Wolseley, Northwest Territories"

1894 "* The first summer school of mining was held - Kingston, Ontario"

1894 "** Literary and debating societies established in Moose Jaw and Boharm, Northwest Territories"

1894 * Farmers' Institute was established in Ontario See also 1884 - contested date

1895 "Baddeck, Nova Scotia Home and School Association established"

1895 * Nova Scotia pioneered the use of 'agricultural representatives' for agricultural extension

1896 "* The first Parents' Club in Canada was established -  Baddeck, Nova Scotia"

1897 "* The Canadian Victorian Order of Nurses was established - Hamilton, Ontario"

1897 "* The first Canadian Women's Institute was established - Stoney Creek, Ontario"

1898 "* The first nurse training program is established for the Victorian Order of Nurses - Ottawa, Ontario"

1898 "In Ottawa, the first May Court Club was organized"

1899 "** The first reading camp in Canada established - Nairn Centre, Algoma District, Northern Ontario"

1899 "Brandon University established, formerly Brandon College"

1899 ** La Societe Saint-Jean-Baptiste organizes solfeggio courses in Montréal

1900 "* The first Caisses Populaire was established - Levis, Québec"

1900 "* The Ontario Normal School of Domestic Science and Art was established in Hamilton, Ontario"

1900 ** MacLennan Travelling Library established by McGill University

1900 ** Québec has five hundred cercles agricoles

1901 * The Canadian Reading Camp Association was founded - Ontario

1902 "* The first Settlement House was established - Toronto, Ontario"

1903 "** Mechanics' Institute established at Edmonton, Northwest Territories"

1903 * The Canadian Reading Camp Association is established in British Columbia

1903 Alberta College established by the Methodist Church. The first institution of higher education in what was to become Alberta

1903 Victoria College established in British Columbia Now named the University of Victoria.

1904 * J.S. Woodsworth established All People's Mission in Winnipeg

1905 "* The first School on Wheels was established - Victoria, B.C."

1905 ** Wolseley, Saskatchewan Mechanics' Institute has transformed into the Wolseley Public Library To become the oldest continuously-running library in Saskatchewan"

1905 The School of Agriculture, Truro (1885-1905), established in Nova Scotia. Subsequent names, the School of Horticulture, Wolfville (1893-1905), and now, the Nova Scotia Argircultural College.

1906 The first Alberta Normal School was established in Calgary

1906 University of Alberta established

1907 ** Remaining Ontario Granges merge with Ontario Farmers' Associations as forerunner of the United Farmers' Movement

1907 HEC Montréal established

1907 The Alberta Industrial Academy was established in Alberta by the Seventh-Day Adventist Church

1907 University of Saskatchewan established

1908 ** Catholic workers study circles established - Québec

1908 University of British Columbia established

1909 * The Canadian Council of Agriculture was formed

1909 North Bay Teachers' College (1957-1973) established in Ontario. Subsequent names, North Bay Teachers' College (1957-1973), Nipissing University College (1967-1992), and now, Nipissing University.

1910 * University of Saskatchewan established the first Canadian university-based department of extension

1910 ** Publication of the Seath Report on vocational and technical education

1910 ** The People's Forum established - Winnipeg

1910 Mount Royal College was established in Calgary by the Methodist Church

1910 Regina College (1910) established in Saskatchewan Subsequent names, University of Saskatchewan (1925) and now, The University of Regina.

1910 St. Thomas University established

1910 The Camrose Lutheran College was established in Alberta by the Lutheran Church Now named Augustana University College.

1911 * The Saskatchewan Homemakers' Club was formed

1911 ** Cercle Leo XIII established

1911 ** L'Ecole social populare established

1911 ** Medical Faculty of Laval University set up courses on public hygiene

1911 Evangelical Lutheran Seminary of Canada (1911) was established in Ontario. Subsequent names, Waterloo College of Arts (1925), Waterloo Lutheran University (1960), and now, Wilfid Laurier University(1973).

1911 Robertson College established in Alberta by the Presbyterian Church

1911 The College Saint-Jean established in Alberta by the Roman Catholic Church

1912 "* Macdonald College, Guelph, Ontario began to offer courses in nutrition, cooking, home nursing, etc."

1912 * The University of Alberta established its Department of Extension

1913 "Alberta established Schools of Agriculture at Olds, Vermilion and Claresholm"

1913 * Canadian Government introduced the Agriculture Instruction Act

1913 Collège du Sacré-Coeur de Sudbury established in Ontario. Subsequently named the University/Université of Sudbury.

1913 Report of the Federal Royal Commission on Industrial Training and Technical Education

1915 ** Cercles de fermieres created - Québec

1915 ** Father Lionel Groulx initiates public courses on Canadian history

1916 Alberta opened the Provincial Institute of Technology and Art in Calgary

1917 * Khaki College established for education of the Canadian Armed Forces in England and Europe

1917 ** L'Ecole des Hautes Etudes Commerciales offering night courses

1918 "Founding meeting of the Maritime Library Association, now Atlantic Provinces Library Association"

1918 * Workers' Educational Association was established in Toronto

1919 * Dominion Federation of Women's Institutes was formed

1919 * Frontier College was founded

1919 Creation of the national Historical Sites and Monuments Board

1919 National Council of Education was formed

1919 Ursuline College established. Subsequently named Bresica University College.

1920 "* Publication of ""University in Overalls: A Plea for Part-time Study"" by Alfred Fitzpatrick"

1920 ** Department of extension established at the University of Toronto

1921 "* The People's School established in Antigonish, Nova Scotia"

1921 * Publication of  pamphlet "Knowledge for the People--a Call to St. Francis Xavier College" By Father Jimmy Tompkins

1921 ** Canadian and Catholic Confederation of Labour formed -  Québec

1921 ** Université de Montréal Faculty of Philosophy began night and Saturday courses

1921 Concordia College established in Alberta. Subsequently named, Concordia University College of Alberta.

1921 Western Ontario University established an extension department

1922 * The first university-operated educational radio station was established. Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario.

1923 * The National Council of Education first annual conference Winnipeg, Manitoba

1923 * The National Council of Education initiates the National Lectureship Scheme

1923 *Canadian National Railway provides first on-air link between two radio stations -- Montréal & Toronto

1924 'Catholic Action' movement operates in Québec

1925 "* Initiation of the 'Antigonish Movement' - Antigonish, Nova Scotia"

1925 "* The Canadian Federation of Home and School was founded in Toronto, Ontario"

1925 Memorial University College established in Newfoundland Now named, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

1925 Vancouver School of Decorative and Applied Arts (1925) established. Subsequent names, Vancouver School of Art (1933), Emily Carr College of Art (1978), Emily Carr College of Art and Design (1981), and now, "Emily Carr Institute of Art and Design.

1927 "* CKUA Educational radio station established in Alberta - University of Alberta, Edmonton"

1928 "** The Department of Extension was established at St. Francis Xavier University, Antigonish, Nova Scotia"

1928 * Emergence of the Student Christian Movement

1928 * Royal Commission on Radio Broadcasting

1928 * The Canadian Institute of International Affairs was founded

1929 * 'Fraser Valley Experiment' pilots a regional public library system - British Columbia

1929 * Canadian National Railway initiates nation-wide radio

1929 The University of Alberta established a School of Education

1930 * The Canadian Radio League was established

1932 "* The Progressive Arts Club was established - Toronto, Ontario"

1932 "** The Progressive Arts Club established - Toronto, sponsored the Workers' Experimental Theatre"

1932 * Frontier College serves in British Columbia 'relief camps'

1932 * The Banff School of Finer Arts established by the University of Alberta Department of Extension

1932 * The Canadian Agricultural Services Coordinating Committee was established

1932 * The League for Social Reconstruction was established - Montréal and Toronto

1932 * The New Canada Movement was established

1932 ** League for Social Reconstruction (LSR) launched - Montreal and Toronto

1932 ** New Canada Movement (NCM) established

1934 "* The Canadian Institute of Public Affairs was established in Ottawa, Ontario"

1934 "* The first undergraduate credit course in adult education offered in Canada. Sir George Williams College, Montréal, Québec"

1935 "* Canadian Association for Adult Education was founded - Toronto, Ontario"

1935 * Canadian Chautauqua was established. Alternative name: 'Fall Festival'

1935 * First national survey of adult education published

1935 * The National Film Society founded

1935 ** Catholic Centre organized at the University of Ottawa

1935 ** Department of Extension created at the University of British Columbia

1936 ** Evening institute at the University of Manitobal

1936 ** Institute of Public Affairs created at Dalhousie University

1937 "* Canadian Association for Adult Education experiment in community development - The Pas, Manitoba"

1937 "* The Community Life Training Institute was established - Hamilton, Ontario"

1937 "** ""Life and Learning"" radio series commenced"

1937 * The Alberta School of Community Life was founded

1937 * The cooperative project in public affairs broadcasting was initiated

1938 * The Rural Adult Education Service of Macdonald College was established. Montréal, Québec

1939 "** ""Masters of Their Own Destiny"" published"

1939 * The Canadian Legion Educational Services were established for Canadian Armed Forces at home and abroad

1939 * The National Farm Radio Forum was initiated

1939 * The National Film Board of Canada was established

1939 * The regional public library model was extended to Prince Edward Island and Cape Breton, Nova Scotia

1939 ** Regional public library systems established in Prince Edward Island and Cape Breton, Nova Scotia. Based on the British Columbia, Fraser Valley model.

1939 The War Emergency Training Program was established

1940 "* Radio program, ""Labour on the Air"", was initiated"

1940 * The Canadian Citizenship Council was formed. Alternative name: Canada Council on Education for Citizenship.

1940 ** A labour school was established at Assumption University

1941 * Canadian Federation of Agriculture was formed

1942 "* Canada's first Labour College opened - Port Hope, Ontario"

1942 "British Columbia Public Library Commission: ""A Preliminary Study of Adult Education in British Columbia"""

1942 Carleton University established

1942 The Federal Vocational Training Coordination Act

1943 "* The 'Citizen's Radio Forum' (alternative names: 'The Sixties', 'Cross Country Checkup') was initiated"

1943 * The Canadian Association for Adult Education publishes its first manifesto

1943 * The Laquemac School of Community Programs was initiated - Québec

1944 "* Florence O'Neill, from Newfoundland, received the first doctorate in adult education in British North America"

1944 * Nova Scotia Provincial Government established the Department of Adult Education

1944 * Saskatchewan Provincial Government established an Adult Education Division

1944 * The Veterans' Rehabilitation Act was established by the Canadian federal government

1944 The Federal Apprenticeship Training Agreement

1945 The Federal Vocational Schools Assistance Agreement

1946 "* The Canadian Library Association was founded in Hamilton, Ontario"

1946 * Canadian Association for Adult Education publishes a position paper

1946 * First national conference on joint planning by voluntary and government agencies. Kingston, Ontario

1946 ** L'Institut canadien d'Education des Adultes formed

1947 * Joint Planning Commission (JPC) was initiated

1947 ** Manitoba Royal Commission on Adult Education

1948 Ryerson Institute of Technology (1948-1963) established.

1948 The Federal Vocational Training Agreement

1950 "* A Training Centre in Human Relations was established at Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan"

1950 ** Joint Planning Commission publishes a study of labour education

1951 * The first adult education graduate course in Canada was offered at the Ontario College of Education

1951 The War Emergency Training Program was re-established due to the Korean war

1952 * Broadcast of the first regular television program in Canada - including community seminars

1952 * Société d'Enseignement Post-Secondaire was founded in Québec

1953 ** National Conference of Canadian Universities commission JR Kidd to write a study on adult education in the universities

1954 * Canadian Association of Directors of Extension and Summer Schools (CADESS) was formed

1955 * World Literacy of Canada granted a federal charter to promote literacy education and commuity development internationally

1956 * Final reports published from the Saskatchewan Royal Commission on Agriculture and Rural Life

1956 * National Conference of Canadian Universities publishes study on availability of adult education graduate study

1956 * Société d'Enseignement Post-Secondaire name changed to Institute Canadien d'éducation des Adultes (ICEA)

1956 ** Canada Council organized

1956 ** Canadian Association for Adult Education organizes the Commission for Continuous Learning

1957 * Centre for Community Studies established - Saskatchewan

1957 * Federal Government created the Canada Council

1957 * First Canadian graduate program in adult education established at the University of British Columbia

1957 * The Canadian Commission for UNESCO was established

1957 Alberta established its first public junior college at Lethbridge

1957 University of Waterloo established

1958 * The Quetico Conference and Training Centre established in Ontario

1958 ** University of Waterloo established an extension department

1959 "Université du Québec à Chicoutimi established, former name, Université au Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean"

1959 Université de Sherbrooke established

1959 York University established

1960 "* Canada hosted the second UNESCO World Conference on Adult Education - Montréal, Québec"

1960 "Laurentian University of Sudbury/Université Laurentienne de Sudbury established, former name, University of Sudbury"

1960 * Canadian Society of Rural Extension was formed

1960 * First national survey of adult education - Statistics Canada

1960 * Technical and Vocational Training and Assistance Act - Federal

1960 * The 'Challenge for Change' project was initiated by the National Film Board

1960 * The Indian-Eskimo Association was formed - CAAE

1961 * Agricultural Rehabilitation and Development Act (ARDA) - Federal

1961 * Canadian Census identifies adult illiteracy as a major educational issue

1961 * Québec Royal Commission on Education - Parent Commission

1961 * University of British Columbia introduced the first Canadian doctoral program in adult education

1962 "* A residential basic education program was established at Elliot Lake, Ontario"

1962 "* The Labour College of Canada was established - Montréal, Québec"

1962 "Trinity Western University established, former names: Trinity Junior College (1962-1972), Trinity Western College (1972-1985)"

1962 * Second Canadian Conference on Education commissioned a paper on adult education - J.R. Kidd

1962 * The Canadian Council on Urban and Regional Research was established

1962 *Vancouver School Board launched the first full-time and evening school for adults in Canada

1963 "Conference on Employment and Education (Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan)"

1963 *Sir George Williams University established a Centre for Human Relations and Community Studies

1963 Trent University established

1964 "University of Guelph established, former names:  Ontario Veterinary College, Ontario Agricultural College, and Macdonald Institute"

1964 Brock University established

1964 Québec integrates adult education into a new Ministry of Education

1965 "Conference on Adult Education in Community Colleges (Ottawa, Ontario)"

1965 "Lakehead University established, former names: Lakehead Technical Institute (1946), Lakehead College of Arts, Science and Technology"

1965 "Okanagan University College established, former name, Okanagan College"

1965 * The Agricultural Rehabilitation and Development Authority contracts for a study of the training needs of community development workers in Canada

1965 * The Ontario Institute for Studies in Education introduced both a masters and doctoral program in adult education

1965 Alberta began the establishment of Alberta Vocational Centres across the province

1965 Simon Fraser University established

1966 * Canadian Association for Adult Education organized a national conference on the professional training of adult educators

1966 * Canadian Association for Adult Education published its 'White Paper on Education'

1966 * University of Alberta introduced a masters program in community development

1966 * University of Saskatchewan introduced a masters program in adult education

1966 The Company of Young Canadians (CYC) was established by the government of Canada

1966 University of Calgary established

1967 * Canadian government 'New Start' programs initiated

1967 * Federal Adult Occupational Training Act

1967 * The first graduate course in comparative studies in adult education. Ttaught at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education by J. R. Kidd.

1967 The University of Lethbridge established

1968 "Federal-Provincial Meeting of Officials on Adult Occupational Training (Ottawa, Ontario)"

1968 * National Conference on Community Development - Ontario Institute for Studies in Education

1968 * Radio Québec  established

1968 * The first Survey of adult education degree and non-degree research in Canada. James A. Draper

1968 * Université de Montréal established the first adult education degree program offered by a French Canadian university

1968 Université du Québec established

1969 "Prince Albert, Saskatchewan Community College Incorporated"

1969 * Radio Québec reorganized as Office de radio-télédiffusion du Québec

1969 * The first planned meeting of Canadian professors of adult education - Winnipeg

1969 Malaspina University-College established

1969 Université du Québec -École nationale d'administration publique established

1969 Université du Québec à Montréal established

1969 Université du Québec à Rimouski established

1969 Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières established

1970 "* Canadian Association for Adult Education affirms its role as a grassroots, social-movement organization"

1970 "University College of the Cariboo established, formerly Cariboo College"

1970 * Canadian Society of Rural Extension name changes to Canadian Society of Extension

1970 * Royal Commission on the Status of Women

1970 * The Ontario Educational Communications Authority (OECA) commenced broadcasting

1970 Athabasca University established

1970 Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue established

1970 Université du Québec en Outaouais established

1971 * The National Action Committee on the Status of Women was founded

1971 Alberta began a network of Further Education Councils across the province

1971 Establishment of the Saskatchewan Association of Lifelong Learning (SALL)

1971 Saskatchewan enacts The Community Colleges Act. Resulting in four pilot colleges: Prince Albert, Yorkton, La Ronge, Humbolt"

1972 "Télé-université, Québec established"

1972 * The 'New Horizons Project' was initiated by the Federal government

1972 * The Canadian Commission for UNESCO disseminated key UNESCO reports to adult educators across Canada

1973 * Alberta Educational Communications Authority (ACCESS) commenced broadcasting

1973 * The Canadian Association for Adult Education organized the first workshop on education for women

1973 * The Federal government organized the Local Employment Assistance Program (LEAP)

1973 * The International Council for Adult Education (ICAE) was established. By J. R. Kidd, with headquarters in Toronto.

1974 "University College of Cape Breton established. Earlier names: Xavier Junior College, Nova Scotia Eastern Institute of Technology, College of Cape Breton

1974 University College of the Fraser Valley established. Former name, Fraser Valley College.

1975 * Name of CADESS changed to Canadian Association for University Continuing Education (CAUCE)

1975 * The first national survey of adult literacy in Canada - World Literacy of Canada

1975 * The National Association of Women and the Law (NAWL) held its founding convention Winnipeg

1975 *The first survey and analysis of graduate programs and courses in adult education, offered at Canadian universities. Author: James A. Draper

1976 * Publication of 'Adult Basic Education and Literacy Activities in Canada' Author: Audrey Thomas

1976 * The Canadian Labour Congress adopts the policy of paid educational leave

1976 * The first National Conference on Adult Literacy in Canada

1976 Saskatchewan Indian Federated College established

1977 * Education-related Canadian projects begin to use satellite communications technologies 

1977 * Memorial University Educational Television Centre implemented the Telemedicine project

1977 * The Canadian Committee on Learning Opportunities for Women (CCLOW) held its first national conference

1977 * The Canadian Labour Congress established five regional Labour Education and Studies Centres

1977 * The Movement for Canadian Literacy (MCL) was founded

1978 British Columbia Open Learning Institute established. Alternative names, Open University, Open Learning Agency.

1979 * TESL Canada was formed

1979 * The Canadian Committee on Learning Opportunities for Women (CCLOW) became an independent national organization

1979 * The Federal Commission of Inquiry on Educational Leave and Productivity published its report

1979 The King's University College established. Former name, The King's College.

1980 "Gabriel Dumont Institute (GDI) established in Saskatchewan, to serve the Metis community"

1980 * British Columbia created the Knowledge Network of the West Communications Authority (KNOW)

1980 * The Canadian Association for the Study of Adult Education (CASAE) was established

1980 * The first Elderhostel program was offered in Canada University of New Brunswick

1981 * Commission d’etude sur la formation professionnelle et socio-culturelle des adultes - Québec

1981 * Founding conference for the Canadian Association for the Study of Adult Education - Montréal

1981 * Laubach Incorporated was founded

1982 "* ""From the Adult's Point of View"" was published"

1982 "Redeemer University College established, formerly named Redeemer College"

1982 * Federal - National Training Act

1982 * The Worth Commission was launched in Alberta

1982 * The Wright Commission was launched in Ontario

1984 """Routes to Learning Canada"" begins programming"

1984 "* The Commission on Canadian Studies released the report, ""Some Questions of Balance"""

1984 * The Canadian Association for Community Education (CACE) was formed

1985 "* Declaration of Citizenship and Adult Learning"" published by the Canadian Association for Adult Education"

1985 "* Statistics Canada produced the survey report, ""One in Every Five"""

1985 * Cross-Canada public forums on the future of Canadian broadcasting - Canadian Association for Adult Education

1985 * Elderhostel of Canada incorporated

1985 * The Canadian Association for Distance Education (CADE) was formed

1985 * The Canadian Job Strategy Program was initiated

1985 Council of Canadians Founded

1986 "* First publication of the ""Journal of Distance Education"""

1986 Federal - Canadian Jobs Strategy

1987 * Federal government forms the National Literacy Secretariat

1987 * First publication of the Canadian Journal for the Study of Adult Education

1988 "* Open Learning Institute and Knowledge Network in British Columbia. Amalgamated into the Open Learning Agency.

1988 "Establishment of the Saskatchewan Institute of Applied Arts, Sciences and Technology (SIAST)"

1989 "University of New Brunswick, Fredericton & University of Moncton commence the first New Brunswick-undergraduate degrees in adult education"

1990 "*Statistics Canada, ""Survey of Literacy Skills Used in Daily Activities"""

1990 1990 Adult Education and Training Survey

1990 Four western universities collaborate to develop and offer the Certificate in Adult and Continuing Education (CACE)

1990 University of Northern British Columbia established

1991 Québec - Société québécoise pour le développement de la main d’oeuvre

1992 The Roby Kidd Award established by the Saskatchewan Association of Lifelong Learning

1994 "University College of the Fraser Valley, Abbotsford, commences the first British Columbia-based undergraduate degree in adult education"

1994 Saskatchewan Adult Education Program-of-the-Year Award established by the Saskatchewan Association of Lifelong Learning

1994 Saskatchewan Adult Educator-of-the-Year Award established by the Saskatchewan Association of Lifelong Learning

1995 Québec - Law 90

1995 Royal Roads University established

1996 New Approaches to Lifelong Learning (NALL) established

1979 * Fitness Canada was established and implemented Participaction 2000

2002 Thematic Review on Adult Learning - Canada, a background report - published The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

2004 British Columbia announces the merger of the B.C. Open University with a new university to be located in Kamloops

Prepared 9 Aug 2004