Darwin and Evolution

200 Years of Evolutionary Thought
Genesis of the Book

February to March 2009
Abbotsford and Chilliwack

Charles Darwin, 1809 - 1882
Darwin's five-year journey (1831-1836) as a naturalist on board the H.M.S. Beagle provided the evidence he needed to formulate his theories and write On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life, later abbreviated to On the Origin of Species.

In the Beginning
1.6 - 1.5 million years agoHumans began to roam the earth. Over the next 40,000 years, spoken language developed and with it came storytelling.
14,000 BC - 12,000 BCCave paintings at Lascaux and Altamira are our earliest examples of "hard copy."
9000 BC - 2500 BCDevelopment of writing.
 
Ancient Times: 3000 BC - 599 AD
3000 BCClay tablets from Mesopotamia - our earliest examples of writing.
2500 BCPapyrus scrolls originated in Egypt and were in use throughout the Mediterranean until roughly 1022 AD. Later parchment, specially treated animal hide, replaced papyrus.
300 BC - 1000 ADScrolls were cumbersome to read, transport and store so scrolls were folded or cut and then bound with wood or leather. These were known as codices. They were also made of wood and wax tablets. The codex is the forerunner to the book as we know it.
 
Dark Ages, Middle Ages: 400 AD - 1430 AD
600 - 1250Illuminated manuscripts were produced in monasteries. Monks wrote out the pages and bound them into codices. Painters made beautiful illuminations with colours, including gold. The Book of Kells is a beautiful example of an illuminated manuscript.
868Diamond Sutra was published in China. It was a five metre long scroll printed on paper with carved wooden blocks. This was a very time-consuming process, whereby each page was carved out of wood and then stamped onto paper.
1100sPaper, made from the pulp of linen or cotton, made its way to Europe from the east. It quickly replaced parchment.
 
Renaissance Onward: 1436 AD - 1900 AD
1436Gutenberg invented a printing press that used moveable type. It was much less labour intensive than wood block stamping. The first printed books were imitations of illuminated manuscripts and included hand decorations.
1455Gutenberg printed the Bible in Latin--one of the first books printed with moveable type.
1800sThe printing process became more automated with the introduction of linotype which allowed type to be set mechanically rather than by hand.
24 November, 1859On the Origin of the Species is published.
 
20th Century and Beyond
1932The first audiobooks were developed for the blind. They became popular in the mainstream in the 1970s.
1946First computer.
1960sComputer typesetting replaced linotype, making printing much faster.
2000Two Stephen King books were published directly to the Internet: Riding the Bullet and The Plant.
2008E-books can now be read on computers, e-book readers and the I-Pod.
2008Project Gutenberg declares 2009 the Year of the E-book. On the Origin of the Species is included in Project Gutenberg's digital book collection.

UFV Library Resources

Appleman, Philip. Darwin: texts commentary. New York: Norton, c2001. Call number: QH 365 Z9 A7 2000 (Chilliwack)

Ardrey, Robert. African genesis: a personal investigation into the animal origins and nature of man . New York: Atheneum, 1961. Call number: QH 368 A68 (Abbotsford, Chilliwack)

Armstrong, Patrick. Darwin's other islands. London ; New York: Continuum, c2004. Call number: QH 31 D2 A793 2004(Abbotsford)

Barlow, Connie C. Evolution extended: biological debates on the meaning of life. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, c1994. Call number: B 818 E838 1994 (Chilliwack)

Berra, Tim M. Evolution and the myth of creationism: a basic guide to the facts in the evolution debate . Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, c1990. Call number: QH 371 B47 1990 (Abbotsford, Chilliwack)

Bowlby, John. Charles Darwin: a new life . New York: W.W. Norton, c1990. Call number: QH 31 D2 B69 1990 (Abbotsford)

Browne, E. J. (E. Janet) Charles Darwin: a biography . Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, [1996]- Call number: QH 31 D2 B84 1996 v. 1 (Chilliwack)

Browne, E. J. (E. Janet) Darwin's Origin of species: a biography . Vancouver: Douglas & McIntyre, c2006. Call number: QH 365 O8 B76 2006 (Chilliwack)

Darwin, Charles. Journal of researches during the voyage of H.M.S. "Beagle". London: Collins' Clear-Type Press, [1908]. Call number: QH 11 D37 1908 (Abbotsford)

Dawkins, Richard. The ancestor's tale: a pilgrimage to the dawn of evolution. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, c2004. Call number: QH 361 D39 2004 (Abbotsford)

Dawkins, Richard. The selfish gene. London: Paladin: Granada Publishing, 1978, c1976. Call number: QH 437 D39 1978 (Abbotsford, Chilliwack, Website)

Denton, Michael. Evolution: a theory in crisis . New York: Harper & Brothers, 1960 Call number: QH 371 D46 1986 (Abbotsford)

Desmond, Adrian J. Darwin. New York, NY: Warner Books, 1992. Call number: QH 31 D2 D47 1992 (Abbotsford, Chilliwack)

D'Orso, Michael. Plundering paradise: the hand of man on the Galapagos islands. New York: HarperCollinsPublishers, c2002. Call number: GF 852 G35 D67 2002 (Abbotsford)

Dupré, John. Darwin's legacy: what evolution means today. Oxford ; New York: Oxford University Press, c2003. Call number: GN 281 D87 2003 (Abbotsford)

Espar, David. Darwin's dangerous idea [videorecording] . Boston, Mass.: WGBH Boston Video, c2001. Call number:QH 366.2 E85 2001 pt.1 (Abbotsford)

Hodge, M. J. S. (Michael Jonathan Sessions) The Cambridge companion to Darwin. Cambridge, UK ; New York: Cambridge University Press, c2003. Call number: QH 31 D2 C185 2003 (Abbotsford)

Jones, Steve. Almost like a whale: the origin of species updated . London ; New York: Doubleday, c1999. Call number: QH 367 J75 1999 (Abbotsford)

Keynes, Randal. Darwin, his daughter, and human evolution. New York: Riverhead Books, 2002. Call number: QH 31 D2 K48 2002 (Abbotsford, Website)

Larson, Edward J. Evolution: the remarkable history of a scientific theory. New York: Modern Library, c2004. Call number: QH 361 L27 2004 (Chilliwack)

Leakey, L. S. B. (Louis Seymour Bazett) Adam's ancestors: the evolution of man and his culture . New York: Harper & Brothers, 1960 Call number: QH 367 L43 1960 (Abbotsford)

Livingston, John A. Darwin and the Galapagos. Toronto: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, [c1966] Call number: QH 123 L5 12464 (Chilliwack)

McCaughey, Martha. The caveman mystique: pop-Darwinism and the debates over sex, violence, and science. New York: Routledge/Taylor and Francis, c2008. Call number: HQ 1075 M4 2008 (Abbotsford)

Miller, Jonathan. Introducing Darwin and evolution. Cambridge: Icon, 2000. Call number: QH 367 M55 2000 (Abbotsford, Chilliwack)

Moorehead, Alan. Darwin and the Beagle. Harmondsworth, Middlesex, Eng.: Penguin, 1971. Call number: QH 31 D2 M66 1971 (Abbotsford)

Numbers, Ronald L. The creationists. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993. -- Call number: BS 651 N85 1993 (Abbotsford, Chilliwack)

Numbers, Ronald L. Disseminating Darwinism: the role of place, race, religion, and gender. Oxford ; New York: Oxford University Press, c2003. Call number: HM 106 D57 1999 (Abbotsford)

Pennock, Robert T. Intelligent design creationism and its critics [electronic resource]: philosophical, theological, and scientific perspectives . Madison, WI: Hawkhill Associates, c1996. Call number: Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, c2001. (Website)

Petto, Andrew J. Scientists confront intelligent design and creationism. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, c2007 Call number: QH 366.2 S43 2007 (Abbotsford)

Richards, Robert J. (Robert John) Darwin and the emergence of evolutionary theories of mind and behavior. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987. -- Call number: BF 711 R53 1987 (Chilliwack)

Richardson, John. Nietzsche's new Darwinism. Oxford ; New York: Oxford University Press, c2004. Call number: B 3317 R458 2004 (Abbotsford)

Ruse, Michael. Can a Darwinian be a Christian?: the relationship between science and religion . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, c2001. Call number: BT 712 R87 2001 (Abbotsford, Chilliwack)

Ryan, Frank X. Darwin's impact: social evolution in America, 1880-1920. Bristol: Thoemmes, c2001. Call number: HM 631 D37 2001 v.3 (Abbotsford)

Scott, Eugenie Carol. Evolution vs. creationism: an introduction. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, c2004.Call number: QH 367 S395 2004 (Abbotsford, Chilliwack)

Stonebarger, Bill. The Galapagos Islands [videorecording]. Madison, WI: Hawkhill Associates, c1996. Call number: QH 198 G3 G35 1996 (Chilliwack)

Weiner, Jonathan. The beak of the finch: a story of evolution in our time . New York: Vintage Books, 1995,c1994. Call number: QL 696 P246 W45 1995 (Abbotsford)

Wilson, David Sloan. Evolution for everyone: how Darwin's theory can change the way we think about our lives. New York: Delacorte Press, c2007. Call number: B 818 W665 2007 (Abbotsford)

Young, Matt. Why intelligent design fails: a scientific critique of the new creationism. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, c2004. Call number: BL 240.3 W49 2004 (Abbotsford, Chilliwack, Website)

Zimmer, Carl. Evolution: the triumph of an idea. New York: HarperCollins, c2001. Call number: QH 361 Z48 2001(Abbotsford, Chilliwack)

Special Issues of Journals and Magazines

National Geographic 215.2 (February 2009).

Nature 456.7220 (20 November 2008).

New Scientist  201.2692 (24 - 30 January 2009).

Science 323.5911 (9 January 2009).

Scientific American 300.1 (January 2009).

Abbotsford Library Book Case Display

Other Links

Barbara Moon's PowerPoint Presentation: Why is Darwin so Famous? (based on information from the NOVA web site)

Debbie Wheeler's Blog: South American Odyssey 2008/09 (Click on the 'Read it now' links to read installments)

Acknowledgements

The UFV Library gratefully acknowledges the generosity of the following: Barbara Moon, Biology, for her assistance in developing the book display; Debbie Wheeler, Biology, for use of her photographs in the library's book display; Diane Nosaty, IMS, for her poster design; and UFV Theatre department, for loan of the rock.




Last updated February 17, 2009 lm, cb

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