Published by a University, Institution, Association, or Society.
Published by a commercial publishing house or business.
Original reporting of research.
Secondary reporting of research.
|Research articles follow scientific method (hypothesis, experiment which gathers empirical evidence, results, discussion, conclusion).||Articles do not follow format for the scientific method.|
Articles have bibliographies.
|Articles have no or very brief|
|Audience is academics, scholars, researchers.||Audience is general public. Information is synthesized from the scholarly journals and repackaged for the layman.|
Exist to communicate research information to others in a particular area of study or interest.
|Exist to both entertain and inform. May have many different topics covered. Profit motive.|
|Contain little or no advertising.||Contain conspicuous advertising.|
Lengthy articles with in-depth analysis.
|Articles often short.|
|Available mainly by subscription and may be very expensive. ||Available on newsstands and by subscription. Usually quite inexpensive.|
|Peer Reviewed by panel of acknowledged experts in the field, or editorial review board.||May not have a peer review process or list an editorial board. |
|Vocabulary is advanced and specific to the field.|
Vocabulary is designed to be understood by a layman.
Articles signed by author and author's academic credentials are given.
|Articles may not be signed by author. If signed, credentials may not be given.|
|Plain looking - few, if any photographs or diagrams.||Often glossy looking to attract attention. Very visual.|
|May describe process for submitting articles.|
Usually doesn't describe process for submitting articles.