Canada : Election 2011: Abbotsford and Chilliwack, Spring 2011

Take a pin and push yourself in:

The library has picked four big issues in this election. We've highlighted these on bulletin boards--one just outside the Chilliwack library in the student lounge and the other at the base of the stairs in the Abbotsford library.

Read the party positions on four issues: Education, Immigration, Defence and Health, and stick a pin in the bulletin board corresponding to where you stand. For more information on each topic, see the websites cited.

Display outside the Chilliwack campus library.

Charting a party's evolving stance during an election campaign is difficult. Some parties have extensive policy documents available on their websites, while others post very little information. In addition, party platforms evolve during a campaign.

See links to party websites below:

Who are the candidates in Abbotsford? Elections Canada
Who are the candidates in Chilliwack-Fraser Canyon? Elections Canada

Check out Student Life's Chilliwack-Fraser Canyon all candidates meeting 7 p.m., Tuesday, April 19 in the Chilliwack campus theatre.

The Political Science Student Association is sponsoring an Abbotsford all candidates meeting, Monday, April 18, 7 p.m., in B 101 on the Abbotsford campus.

CBC News: Leader's debate on streaming video
CBC News: Abbotsford riding profile
CBC News: Chilliwack riding profile 

From left, Chilliwack-Fraser Canyon NDP candidate Gwen O'Mahoney, Green candidate Jamie Hoskins, Conservative candidate Mark Strahl and Liberal candidate Diane Janzen.


Wherever possible, the information for this display came from party websites or other party-authored documents linked from party websites. This display owes a debt to CBC's Vote Compass both for inspiration and for some of the links to the tougher-to-answer points. See Vote Compass here:

Where the parties stand on Immigration: 

• “Request transparence in processing files on refugee status or family reunification.
• Demand a softening of the rules for foreign visitors that have Québécois relatives that can be accountable for them.
• Defend Québécois newcomers against the arbitrary measures of Citizenship and Immigration Canada….
• Support the integration process and the active participation of our society's newcomers.
• Promote learning of the French language to facilitate access to all offered services and citizen participation.”

Conservative: “(The) Conservative Government led by Stephen Harper is committed to implementing the reforms contained in the 2008 Budget to reduce the immigration processing backlog and to expedite applications from people with the skills and professions most in demand in Canada.”

Green: “Canada’s multicultural diversity is an essential part of our national identity. New Canadians are a source of incredible skills and potential for our country. Immigrants and refugees come to Canada in search of a safer, more fulfilling life for themselves and their families, and to be full participants in Canadian society. We must make sure they are supported in achieving their hopes and ambitions as new Canadians. Our national tradition of welcoming newcomers and embracing social and ethnic differences gives us a unique opportunity to exert a positive influence on the rest of the world. Canada must embrace the energy and creativity of all our cultural communities and ensure genuine equality of opportunity and equal treatment of all Canadian citizens, regardless of their country of origin.”

Liberal: “Liberals understand that our immigration and refugee system often fails to meet expectations for efficiency and fairness. That is why a new Liberal government will make fixing the immigration and refugee determination processes a top priority… Family reunification must remain a crucial part of Canada’s immigration policy. After five years of reductions in family class immigration under the Harper government, Liberals will restore balance by increasing family class visas… A Liberal government will expand language training for new Canadians, since language skills are often a major barrier to their success….The federal government must do a better job screening and advising prospective immigrants on credential recognition before they leave their countries of origin.”

NDP: “A sound immigration policy must include speedy reunification of families, halting the dramatic increase of temporary foreign workers and increased recognition of foreign credentials, declared New Democrats at their policy convention… In addition to speeding up the family reunification process, Jack Layton’s New Democrats called on the government to halt the increase of foreign workers, develop a consistent model and standard for integrating internationally trained professionals into the workforce…  “New Democrats will continue to press the government to establish specific training, mentoring and bridging programs aimed at helping newcomers integrate into the workplace so Canadian productivity can be increased.”
Note: The above link was the original link for this quote. The page is no longer active.


Where the parties stand on Defence:

Bloc: “Le Bloc Québécois est en parfait désaccord avec l’approche militariste du gouvernement conservateur dans les territoires arctiques. Les membres de notre parti préconisent plutôt une approche de coopération internationale faisant une place importante aux communautés inuites.”
Google translate: "The Bloc Quebecois is in complete disagreement with the militaristic approach of the Conservative government's Arctic territories. The members of our party favor instead a cooperative approach by major international Inuit communities. "
“Le Bloc Québécois a toujours appuyé la mission militaire de l’OTAN en Afghanistan. Cependant, pour ce qui est de la mission canadienne, le Bloc Québécois s’est objecté deux fois à des prolongements. Nous estimons donc que le Canada a fait sa part. Les députés du Bloc Québécois l’ont affirmé dans les associations internationales auxquelles ils participent. C’est pourquoi nous  exigeons que la mission militaire en Afghanistan prenne fin lorsqu’elle arrivera à échéance en 2011. Cela dit, nous croyons que le Canada doit poursuivre son aide au développement en Afghanistan en s’assurant notamment que l’aide octroyée soit plus transparente, mieux structurée et qu’elle respecte les priorités afghanes.”
Google translate: “The Bloc Québécois has always supported the NATO military mission in Afghanistan. However, regarding the Canadian mission, the Bloc Quebecois has twice objected to extensions. We therefore believe that Canada has done its part. The Bloc Québécois have argued in international associations to which they participate. Therefore we demand that the military mission in Afghanistan end when it expires in 2011. That said, we believe that Canada must continue its development assistance in Afghanistan including ensuring that aid is more transparent, more structured and complies with Afghan priorities.”

Conservative:  “The combat mission will end in 2011. As we continue to work alongside the Afghan people and the international community, Canada will continue to play an important role in supporting efforts toward a better future for all Afghans.”
“Conservatives believe that the integrity of Canada’s borders is the first and foremost responsibility of a national government. Our Conservative Government is committed to strongly asserting Canadian sovereignty throughout Canada’s Arctic.”
Note: The above link was the original link for this quote. The page is no longer active.
“We are committed to a Canada First Defence Strategy that will provide predictable growth for Canada's defence budget, increase the size of our forces to 70,000 regular and 30,000 reserves. The Strategy will also invest $45 to $50 billion over the next 20 years in the purchase of major equipment, including replacements for our destroyers and frigates, maritime patrol, search and rescue, fighter aircraft and land vehicle fleets.”

• “Re-align our defence spending to increase our capacity and speed in delivering disaster assistance (e.g. through the DART ! Disaster Assistance Rapid Response Team) and our contributions to UN peacekeeping forces and missions, and decrease our contributions to NATO war efforts.
• Rebuild the broken linkages among Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada (DFAIT), National Defence and the Canadian Forces (DND/CF), and the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), to effectively and efficiently plan, organize, and execute our missions abroad.
• Play a lead role in establishing a standing UN Rapid Response Force with a mandate for peacekeeping and environmental restoration in both international crisis situations and domestic catastrophes like floods, earthquakes, storms and fires…
• Shift from a Department of Defence to a Department of Peace and Security.
• Review Canada’s membership in military alliances including NATO and NORAD to ensure they are meeting Canada’s priorities of diplomacy, development and defence.
• Press urgently for global nuclear disarmament and the conversion of military industries in Canada and worldwide into peaceful and restorative industries.”

Liberal: “Our “Global Networks Strategy” is an ambitious, 21st-Century plan that will help to secure our economic prosperity and make the world a safer place. As part of this plan, we’ll establish next-generation Global Network Agreements with China and India that go beyond trade and investment.  Once the combat mission in Afghanistan ends in 2011, we will re-direct the incremental costs of the mission towards achieving a better balance between defence, diplomacy and development.  This will include putting Africa back at the top of Canada’s international aid priorities.”

NDP: “In 2006, New Democrat members from coast to coast to coast passed a resolution to bring our troops home. We said this was the wrong mission for Canada —  the wrong way to bring stability to the people of Afghanistan.”
“The Conservatives’ so-called Northern Strategy is nothing more than a series of re-announcements of promises they have yet to live up to,” said Northern Development and Sovereignty Critic Dennis Bevington (Western Arctic). “As the Premier of Northwest Territories has said there is a growing gap between what Northerners see as the best way to defend Arctic Sovereignty and what the Harper government thinks is best. Northerners need roads, affordable housing and a fair shake on funding from Ottawa, not warships. ”

Where the Parties stand on Health:

Bloc: “Le Bloc Québécois adhère aux principes sur lesquels le système de santé et de services sociaux du Québec est fondé : notamment l’accessibilité, l’universalité, le financement public et l’équité. Cependant, tout débat sur la gestion du système de santé québécois doit être exclusivement québécois. Au terme de celui-ci, s’il existe un consensus au Québec qui doit avoir écho à Ottawa, le Bloc Québécois s’en fera le défenseur à la Chambre des communes.”
Google translate: “The Bloc Québécois supports the principles on which the health system and social services in Quebec is based: including accessibility, universality, public financing and equity. However, any discussion on the management of Quebec's health system should be exclusively Quebecois. At the end of it, if there is a consensus in Quebec that must have echoed in Ottawa, the Bloc Québécois will champion it to the House of Commons.”
Source : Proposition principale (fevrier 2011) as qtd. in CBC Vote Compass
“The Bloc’s position, according to a Canadian Medical Association Journal article from the 2008 election, is that the federal government’s role in health is only in funding it: ‘The Bloc Québécois…, reiterated their oft-stated position that health is a provincial jurisdiction and the federal government's only role is to write cheques to the provinces.’”
doi: 10.1503/cmaj.081460.

Green: “The Greens fully support the Canada Health Act (CHA) and all of its principles. We oppose any level of privatized, for-profit health care. The five criteria of the CHA guiding the provincial public health insurance plans, which we believe to be non-negotiable, are:
1. Public Administration: The public health insurance plan must be managed in a public, not-for-profit fashion.
2. Comprehensiveness: All residents must be covered for “medically necessary” health services.
3. Universality: All residents must be covered by the public insurance plan on uniform terms and conditions.
4. Portability: All residents must be covered by their public plan, wherever they are treated in Canada.
5. Accessibility: All residents must have access to insured health care services on uniform terms and conditions without direct or indirect financial charges, or discrimination based on age, health status or financial circumstances.”

Conservative: “The Conservative Government is proud of its record in working to fight some of the gravest diseases facing Canadian families like cancer, spinal cord injury and mental illness. We established the Canadian Partnership Against Cancer and the Mental Health Commission of Canada and supported the Spinal Cord Injury Translational Research Network of the Rick Hansen Foundation….A re-elected Conservative Government led by Stephen Harper will take additional steps to ensure that Canada's communities and hospitals have more doctors and nurses where they are most needed.”

Liberal: “What will matter most is how a Liberal government builds for the future on our previous record of achievement. We will be speaking for Canada with four objectives:
1. Easing the pressures on Canadian families, especially those caring for loved ones at home;
2. Achieving measurable, long-term improvements in health outcomes;
3. Improving quality in the healthcare system;
4. Containing costs over the long-term.
Speaking for Canada is crucial because no level of government acting alone will be as effective as they will be in a real collaboration with each other and with stakeholders. We will support these objectives with the following new initiatives:
• The Liberal plan for Family Care – supporting Canadians who care for loved ones at homes;
• Investing in health promotion, sport and a National Food Policy;
• Introducing a Canadian Brain Health Strategy;
• Collaborating with provinces and health professionals on quality and innovation;
• Implementing new measures to improve rural healthcare;
• Addressing the gaps in coverage of prescription drugs, and the high costs of drugs in general.”

NDP: “New Democrats will take concrete steps to train more family doctors. We’ll improve homecare. And we’ll make your prescription medicines a little more affordable.“

Where the Parties Stand on Education:

• “Provide an $8,000 tax credit for new graduates who return to the regions to work and live there
• Transfer $3.5 billion for post-secondary education”

Conservative: “A re-elected Conservative Government will expand the current Registered Education Savings Plan (RESP) to allow charities and not-for-profit organizations to establish RESPs, in partnership with parents, for children from low-income families that otherwise would not have the ability to save…Improving  Aboriginal education is crucial to giving young members of the Aboriginal community the opportunity to succeed.”
“We will… not cut transfer payments for crucial services like healthcare and education.”

Green: “Green Party MPs will work to ensure that post-secondary education is based on the following principles by implementing realistic and effective policies:
• Accessibility that is based on equality, merit, and willingness.
• Invest in Early Intervention Programs through partnerships with other governments and through additional funding for Targeted Nonrepayable Assistance, Academic Support, Mentorship, and Campus Exposure Programs with an emphasis on low-income, first-generation, and Aboriginal students and communities.
• Establish a federal research program aimed at understanding and reducing barriers to post-secondary education in the absence of the Millennium Research Program.
• Work with the provinces to support lifelong learning programs aimed at enabling older Canadians to pursue post-secondary education to gain new knowledge and skills.”

Liberal: “Canada’s approach must be based on a simple objective:
“If you get the grades, you get to go. A Liberal government will introduce the Canadian Learning Passport, a significant financial boost for higher education delivered directly to families. It will provide $1,000 a year over four years for every high school student in Canada to use for college, university or CÉGEP. For students in low income families, the amount will be $1,500 a year, or an extra $6,000 in total. All parents will have to do is open a Registered Education Savings Plan (RESP). They won’t have to make any contribution of their own to receive the Learning Passport. This will be a new federal investment of $1 billion annually… A Liberal government will implement a new Veterans’ Learning Benefit that provides full support for the costs of up to four years of college, university or technical education for Canadian Forces veterans after completion of service.”

NDP: “We’ll make childcare and education more accessible.”


Library Resources:

Blais, André. The evolving nature of non voting : evidence from Canada.  [Washington, D.C. : American Political Science Association], 2001. Call number:  JL 193 E86 2001 (Abbotsford)

Cornellier, Manon. The Bloc.  [Washington, D.C. : American Political Science Association], 2001. Call number:  155028472X (Chilliwack)

Elections Canada. I can vote! : a user-friendly guide to voting in Canada.  [Ottawa] : Elections Canada, c2000. Call number:  JL 193 I22 2000 (Abbotsford and Chilliwack)

Elections Canada. Responding to changing needs : recommendations from the Chief Electoral Officer of Canada following the 40th general election.  [Ottawa] : Elections Canada, c2010. Call number:  JL 193 E46 2010 (Abbotsford and Web)

Hill, Tony L. Canadian politics, riding by riding : an in-depth analysis of Canada's 301 federal electoral districts.  Minneapolis, Minn. ; Winnipeg : Prospect Park Press, c2002. Call number: JL 193 H554 2002 (Abbotsford)

Jeffrey, Brooke. Divided loyalties : the Liberal Party of Canada, 1984-2008.  Toronto : University of Toronto Press, c2010. Call number:  On order (Abbotsford)

UFV Library Political Science Libguide (Guide to Research)

UFV Library Books by candidates:

Ignatieff, Michael. Charlie Johnson in the flames.  New York : Grove Press, c2003. Call number: PS 8567 G63 C47 2003 (Chilliwack)

Ignatieff, Michael. The lesser evil : political ethics in an age of terror.  [Montreal, Que.] : Institute for Research on Public Policy, 2007. Call number: JA 79 I36 2005 (Abbotsford)

Ignatieff, Michael. The Russian album.  New York, N.Y., U.S.A. : Viking, 1987. Call number: CT 1217 I38 I46 1987 (Abbotsford)

Ignatieff, Michael. Virtual war : Kosovo and beyond.  Toronto : Penguin, 2000. Call number: DR 2087 I36 2001 (Chilliwack)

Layton, Jack. Homelessness : the making and unmaking of a crisis.  [Ottawa] : Elections Canada, c2010. Call number:  HV 4509 L39 2000 (Abbotsford and Chilliwack)

UFV Library Books about candidates:

Flanagan, Thomas. Harper's team : behind the scenes in the Conservative rise to power.  Montreal : McGill-Queen's University Press, c2007. Call number: JL 197 C75 F53 2007 (Abbotsford)

Johnson, William. Stephen Harper and the future of Canada.  Toronto : McClelland & Stewart, c2005. Call number: JL 197 C75 F53 2007 (Abbotsford)

Mackey, Lloyd. The pilgrimage of Stephen Harper [electronic resource].  Toronto : ECW Press, c2005. Call number:  E-Book on the Internet (Web)

Martin, Lawrence. Harperland : the politics of control.  Toronto : Viking Canada, c2010. Call number:  FC 640 M27 2010 (Abbotsford)

Last updated December 13, 2011, lm

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