‌The Reality of Residential Schools
Abbotsford and Chilliwack: Fall 2013

  This poster was displayed on the bulletin board next to the stairs inside the Abbotsford campus library--Thanks to Royal BC Museum and BC Archives for images G-05003 and I-55362 and to Chilliwack Museum for image P5596.
  Thanks to everyone who helped us welcome the poster to UFV library:


Her Honour Gwen Point (photo courtesy of Anne Russell)‌


 UFV library and Aboriginal Access Services held a welcoming celebration for the poster with drumming and singing and served coffee and cookies on Wednesday, September 15 at 2 p.m. in the student lounge outside the Chilliwack library.

UFV Instructor Her Honour Gwen Point welcomed everyone to the event and sang a thank-you song. Shirley Hardman, UFV's Senior Advisor on Indigenous Affairs, spoke about the process that went into creating the poster and shared her personal family experiences from residential schools.

Eddie Gardner, the facilitator of the Indian Residential Schools Survivors Support Program for Stó:lõ Health Services, who has been serving Aboriginal people in various capacities across Canada for 35 years, led an honour song to recognize the good work that was done in creating this poster. He also spoke about the resilience of First Nations people, the healing that needs to be done, and the reconciliation we all need to work towards.

Mr. Gardner, who is also the Head Elder for Skemcis Medicine Lodge Society, said he is pleased with the good work UFV is doing and feels "the poster is a positive step towards bringing out the truth about a dark era of our history."

Click here for a photostream from this event, courtesy of Anne Russell, UFV Coordinator, Media Materials and Publications: http://www.flickr.com/photos/ufv/5010059484/in/set-72157624999798112/.

Here's a link to video of the welcoming ceremony for this poster at UFV library: "https://stream.ufv.ca/OnDemand/library/DrummingLightIntoDarkCorners.wmv 


  Imagine a small village...
Imagine a small village
with all its children gone...
The Reality of Residential Schools           


“Our objective is to continue until there is not a single Indian in Canada that has not been absorbed into the body politic and there is no Indian question, and no Indian Department, that is the object of this Bill.” (Department of Indian Affairs Deputy Superintendent-General Duncan Campbell Scott)

Leslie, John F.  "The Indian Act: An Historical Perspective." Canadian Parliamentary Review 25.2 (2002): 23. CBCA Reference and Current Events, ProQuest. Web. 15 Jul. 2010.

  “The federal government needs to realize what was done. If it was the proper thing it sure wasn’t done in the right way.” Joe Aleck (one of the few Aboriginal people to teach at St. Mary’s Indian Residential School)

Glavin, Terry. Amongst God’s Own: The Enduring Legacy of St. Mary’s Mission. Mission, BC: Longhouse Publishing, 2002. Print.


"There have been many stories over the years about priests and dormitory employees abusing the children who were forced to leave their homes as part of a federal government policy to assimilate aboriginals. what is rarely discussed is that many aboriginal children were also assaulted by their schoolmates."

Curry, Bill. “Child-on-child Assault Cases Come to Light in Residential School Hearings.” The Globe and Mail. The Globe and Mail. 25 May 2010. Web. 19 June 2010.

Library Resources:

Canada. Indian and Northern Affairs Canada. The day of the apology June 11th, 2008 [videorecording] = Jour de la présentation des excuses le 11 juin 2008. [Ottawa] : Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, c2009. Call number: E 96.5 D39 2009 DVD (Abbotsford)

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Stolen children [videorecording]. Toronto : CBC Learning, c2008. Call number: E 96.5 S75 2008 DVD (Chilliwack)

Cariboo Tribal Council (B.C.). Beyond the shadows [videorecording]. Vancouver, BC : Gryphon Productions, Ltd., 1992. Call number: E 96.5 B49 1992 (Chilliwack)

Claes, Rhonda. Needs and expectations for redress of victims of abuse at native residential schools [electronic resource]. [Ottawa : Law Commission of Canada, 1998]. Call number: Internet (Website)

Dalseg, Barbara A. (Barbara Ann). In their own words : Manitoba's native residential schools remembered. Winnipeg : University of Manitoba, c2003. Call number: E 96.65 M3 D35 2003 (Abbotsford)

Feehan, Margaret. Stories of healing from native Indian residential school abuse. Victoria : University of Victoria, c1996. Call number: E 96.5 F44 1996 (Chilliwack, Website)

Findlay, Gillian. Violation of trust [videorecording]. Toronto, ON : CBC, 2004, c1991 ; Vancouver, BC : Image Media [distributor], 2007. Call number: E 96.65 B7 V56 2004 DVD (Chilliwack, Website)

Fournier, Suzanne. Stolen from our embrace : the abduction of First Nations children and the restoration of aboriginal communities. Toronto, ON : CBC, 2004, c1991 ; Vancouver, BC : Image Media [distributor], 2007. Call number: E 78 C2 F69 1997 (Abbotsford, Chilliwack)

Glavin, Terry. Amongst God's own : the enduring legacy of St. Mary's Mission. Mission, BC : Longhouse Publishing, c2002. Call number: E 96.6 S16 G52 2002 (Abbotsford, Chilliwack)

Grant, Agnes. Finding my talk : how fourteen Native women reclaimed their lives after residential school. Calgary : Fifth House, c2004. Call number: E 96.5 G718 2004 (Abbotsford, Chilliwack)

Graveline, Fyre Jean. Circle works : transforming eurocentric consciousness . Halifax, N.S. : Fernwood, c1998. Call number: E 96.2 G73 1998 (Abbotsford, Chilliwack)

Gumboot Productions. Kuper Island [videorecording] : return to the healing circle. [Vancouver : Moving Images Distribution], c1997 ; Vancouver : B.C. Learning Connection [distributor]. Call number: E 96.6 K83 K83 1997 (Abbotsford, Chilliwack)

Hildebrand, Denise. Staff perspectives of the Aboriginal residential school experience : a study of four Presbyterian schools, 1888-1923. Winnipeg : University of Manitoba, c2003. Call number: E 96.65 M3 H55 2003 (Chilliwack)

Indian Residential Schools Mental Health Support Program (Canada). Indian Residential Schools Mental Health Support Program : program framework. [Ottawa] : Indian Residential Schools Mental Health Support Program, c2005. Call number: E 96.5 I64 2005 (Chilliwack)

Indian Residential Schools Resolution Canada. Estimates. Part III, Report on plans and priorities. [Ottawa : Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat], c2004-. Call number: E 96.5 I65 2005/06 (Abbotsford, Chilliwack, Website)

Istchenko, Vic. The mission school syndrome [sequel] [videorecording]. [Whitehorse, Yukon : Northern Native Broadcasting, Yukon, 1993] ; Kelowna, BC : Filmwest Associates [distributor] ; Vancouver : B.C. Learning Connection [distributor], 2002. Call number:E 78 Y8 M57 1993 (Abbotsford, Chilliwack)

Jack, Agnes S. Behind closed doors : stories from the Kamloops Indian Residential School. Kamloops, B.C. : Secwepemc Cultural Education Society, c2006. Call number: E 96.6 K34 B45 2006 (Abbotsford, Chilliwack)

Law Commission of Canada. Restoring dignity : responding to child abuse in Canadian institutions. [Ottawa] : Law Commission of Canada, c2000. Call number: HV 6626.54 C3 L38 2000 (Abbotsford, Website)

Lill, Wendy. Sisters [videorecording]. Edmonton : Primedia Productions Ltd. in association with CFRN TV ; Oakville, Ont. : Magic Lantern [distributor], 1991. Call number: PS 8573 I54 S572 1991 (Chilliwack)

McKegney, Sam. Magic weapons : Aboriginal writers remaking community after residential school. Winnipeg : University of Manitoba Press, c2007. Call number: E 96.2 M335 2007 (Chilliwack)

Miller, J. R. (James Rodger). Shingwauk's vision : a history of native residential schools. Toronto, Ont. : University of Toronto Press, c1996. Call number: E 96.5 M55 1996 (Chilliwack)

Milloy, John Sheridan. A national crime : the Canadian government and the residential school system, 1879 to 1986. Winnipeg : University of Manitoba Press, c1999. Call number: E 96.5 M556 1999 (Chilliwack)

Missinabie Cree of Ontario. The residential schools [videorecording]. [Vancouver, B.C.] : Motion Visual, c2004. Call number: E 96.5 R474 2004 DVD (Abbotsford)

Mosby, Ian. "Administering Colonial Science: Nutrition Research and Human Biomedical Experimentation in Aboriginal Communities and Residential Schools, 1942–1952." Histoire sociale/Social history 46.91 (2013): 145-172. Project Muse. Web. 17 July 2013.

Petrie, Anne. Residential schools [videorecording] : moving beyond survival [part 1]. Toronto : Vision TV, [c2000] ; Magic Lantern Communications [distributor] ; Vancouver : B.C. Learning Connection [distributor], 2002. Call number: E 96.5 R47 2000 pt.1 (Chilliwack)

Rymhs, Deena. From the iron house : imprisonment in First Nations writing. Waterloo, Ont. : Wilfrid Laurier University Press, c2008. Call number: E 96.5 R47 2000 pt.2 (Chilliwack)

Schissel, Bernard. The legacy of school for Aboriginal people : education, oppression, and emancipation. Don Mills, Ont. : Oxford University Press, c2003. Call number: E 96.2 S34 2003 (Abbotsford, Chilliwack)

Stout, Madeleine Dion. Aboriginal people, resilience and the residential school legacy. Ottawa : Aboriginal Healing Foundation, c2003. Call number: E 96.5 S86 2003 (Abbotsford, Website)

Vision TV. Residential schools [videorecording] : moving beyond survival [part 1]. Toronto : Vision TV : Magic Lantern Communications [distributor], c2000. Call number: E 96.5 R47 2000 pt.2 (Chilliwack)

Other Resources:

Aboriginal Healing Foundation: http://www.ahf.ca/

CBC Digital Archives: Canada Apologizes: http://www.cbc.ca/archives/categories/society/education/a-lost-heritage-canadas-residential-schools/a-long-awaited-apology.html

CBC: At least 3,000 died in Residential Schools, research says: http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/story/2013/02/18/residential-schools-student-deaths.html

CBC: Hungry Aboriginal people used in bureaucrats' experiments: http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/manitoba/story/2013/07/16/mb-aboriginal-nutritional-experiments-canada.html?cmp=rss

Indian and Northern Affairs Canada: Statement of Apology (includes links to other apologies): http://ainc-inac.info/ai/rqpi/apo/index-eng.asp

Jack Layton: Apology to Residential School Survivors on Youtube: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AVAxVhnqTaw

Mussell, W. J. (Bill), WARRIOR-CAREGIVERS:Understanding the Challenges and Healing of First Nations Men: link from Aboriginal Healing Foundation research page: http://www.ahf.ca/publications/research-series

The Role of the RCMP During the Indian Residential School: http://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2011/grc-rcmp/PS64-71-2009-eng.pdf




Books and videos in the display case outside the library in Chilliwack building A.

Eddie Gardner leads an honour song to welcome the poster to the UFV library



Thanks to Shirley Hardman, UFV Senior Advisor on Indigenous Affairs, for her help and inspiration in creating the poster and to Diane Nosaty, of UFV Instructional Media Services, for poster design. Thanks to Eddie Gardner for his help in welcoming the poster to the library and to Her Honour Gwen Point for welcoming everyone to the ceremony.

Thanks to the Royal BC Museum and BC Archives for photographs of Alert Bay village and children and to Chilliwack Museum for a photograph of children.

Last updated November 8, 2017, dc.


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