Published by a University, Institution, Association, or Society.

Published by a commercial publishing house or business.

Original reporting of research.

Secondary reporting of research.

Research articles follow scientific method (hypothesis, experiment which gathers empirical evidence, results, discussion, conclusion).Articles do not follow format for the scientific method.

Articles have bibliographies.

Articles have no or very brief
Audience is academics, scholars, researchers.Audience is general public. Information is synthesized from the scholarly journals and repackaged for the layman.

Exist to communicate research information to others in a particular area of study or interest.

Exist to both entertain and inform. May have many different topics covered. Profit motive.
Contain little or no advertising.Contain conspicuous advertising.

Lengthy articles with in-depth analysis.

Articles often short.
Available mainly by subscription and may be very expensive. Available on newsstands and by subscription.  Usually quite inexpensive.
Peer Reviewed by panel of acknowledged experts in the field, or editorial review board.May not have a peer review process or list an editorial board. 
Vocabulary is advanced and specific to the field.

Vocabulary is designed to be understood by a layman.

Articles signed by author and author's academic credentials are given.

Articles may not be signed by author.  If signed, credentials may not be given.
Plain looking - few, if any photographs or diagrams.Often glossy looking to attract attention.  Very visual.
May describe process for submitting articles.

Usually doesn't describe process for submitting articles. 

Revised: August 28, 2007 pw

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