Academic Calendar

Criminology/Criminal Justice

Many of the seats in these courses are reserved for students in a Criminal Justice program. Other students may take these courses if they meet the prerequisites and there is space. In all courses, students who do not satisfy the prerequisites may request instructor’s permission to register in the course.


English language proficiency requirements

Students registering in post-secondary level courses (numbered 100 to 499) will be required to meet the English language entrance proficiency requirements. Students in ELS or the University Foundations programs can register in those courses identified in the University Foundations program with lower levels of language proficiency.

Please note that not all courses are offered every semester.

CRIM 100

3 credits

Introduction to Criminology

Prerequisite(s): None.

Examines the historical evolution of criminological thought and criminology as a science and a profession. Investigates the structure, content, theoretical paradigms, and practical applications of the discipline, as well as some of its terminology.

CRIM 103

3 credits

Introduction to the Criminal Justice System

Prerequisite(s): None

Analyzes historical and contemporary operational practices of the criminal justice system (CJS). Students are taken through the CJS process, beginning with the moment a crime is reported through the various decision stages to the paroled release of a convicted offender.

CRIM 104

3 credits

Sociological Explanations of Criminal and Deviant Behaviour

Prerequisite(s): None.

Examines the sociological, sociocultural, and sociopsychological explanations of criminal and deviant behavior, which include ecological theories of crime and delinquency, conflict theories, control theories, and symbolic interactionist theories.

CRIM 105

3 credits

Psychological Explanations of Criminal and Deviant Behaviour

Prerequisite(s): None.

Examines the causes of criminal and deviant behaviour through psychological theories, including psychophysiological, psychoanalytic, behavioral, cognitive, and biological theories.

CRIM 135

3 credits

Introduction to Canadian Law and Legal Institutions

Prerequisite(s): None.

This course introduces students to the Canadian legal system in preparation for law-related courses. It examines the origins and role of law, our system of courts, the legal profession, legal reasoning and statutory interpretation, and private and public substantive law.

CRIM 205

3 credits

Police Psychology and Risk Assessment

Prerequisite(s): CRIM 105, or students with related work experience may request a prerequisite waiver from the instructor

This course provides an introduction to the assessment of risk for sexually deviant and violent behaviour. Students will learn the factors correlated to the prediction of violent and sexually deviant behaviour including psychopathy, mental illness, personality disorders, and developmental history. The effect of substance abuse on an individual's propensity for violence and criminal behaviour will also be explored

CRIM 210

3 credits

Youth Crime and the Youth Justice System in Canada

Prerequisite(s): None.

This course provides students with an analysis of the nature, prevalence, characteristics, and consequences of youth crime in Canada. It provides an overview of the historical development of Canada’s juvenile justice and child protection systems, and reviews current political, social, legal, and criminological issues associated with youth crime in Canada.

CRIM 211

3 credits

Indigenous Peoples, Crime and Criminal Justice

Prerequisite(s): None

Examines historical and contemporary issues regarding Indigenous peoples, crime, and the criminal justice system, including the impact of colonization, government policies and programs, and the increasing role of Indigenous communities in implementing justice initiatives.

CRIM 212

3 credits

Women, Crime and Criminal Justice

Prerequisite(s): None.

Examines the nature of crimes committed by females and common sociological, sociocultural, and sociopsychological explanations. Explores women’s experiences as survivors and victims of criminal behaviour, and as professionals working within the criminal justice system, alongside societal responses to female victims, offenders, and professionals.

CRIM 213

3 credits

Directed Studies

Prerequisite(s): Permission of the Director and the Dean of Arts.

Independent reading and research topics will be selected in consultation with the supervising instructor. Students interested in more information should contact the School of Criminology and Criminal Justice.

CRIM 214

3 credits

Selected Topics in Crime and Criminal Justice

Prerequisite(s): None.

Reviews theory, methods, and research results in a selected area of criminal justice. Students should check with the Criminology and Criminal Justice department to determine the content area for a particular semester.

CRIM 215

3 credits

Theory and Practice of Restorative Justice

Prerequisite(s): None.

Discusses theoretical, historical, and philosophical perspectives on restorative justice, and the foundational principles and values of restorative justice as a response to crime and violence distinct from traditional methods within the criminal justice system. Processes and program models will be examined.

CRIM 216

3 credits

Psychopathy and the Criminal Justice System

Prerequisite(s): None.

This course will examine the definition, root causes, and behaviour of psychopaths, and the response of the criminal justice system to this personality disorder.

CRIM 220

3 credits

Research Methods in Criminology

Prerequisite(s): CRIM 100 and one of the following: CRIM 104, CRIM 105, PSYC 101, PSYC 102, or
SOC 101.

An introduction to criminological research. Students develop research and analytical skills by focusing on theories of inquiry, conceptualizing core research questions, identifying ethical considerations, and designing methods for hypothesis testing, data
collection, and analysis using qualitative and quantitative methods.

CRIM 230

3 credits

Criminal Law

Prerequisite(s): None.

This course investigates the nature, purpose, scope, sources, and basic principles of criminal law within its historical and contemporary contexts. The evolution of such legal concepts as guilt, criminal responsibility, and due process of law is also studied.

CRIM 240

3 credits

Comparative Criminal Justice Systems

Prerequisite(s): CRIM 103.

An introduction to the study of several criminal justice systems. Focus will be placed on the role of political institutions, criminal law, history, and culture on the development of criminal justice systems. Includes an exploration of how different criminal justice systems respond to common problems, issues, and events.

CRIM 250

3 credits

Customs and Immigration Law

Prerequisite(s): None.

Explores the Canada Border Services Agency through an examination of relevant legislation such as the Customs Act, the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act, the Criminal Code, and the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act. Issues discussed include border security, regulatory procedures, and human rights.

CRIM 251

3 credits

Law Enforcement in Canada

Prerequisite(s): None.

Surveys law enforcement agencies, discussing the development of policing in Canada, their role in society, organizational structure and management, and community expectations of their task. Specific police functions and powers are examined. Key issues include use of force, corruption, accountability, ethics, and the political dimension of police work.

CRIM 252

3 credits

Corrections in Canada

Prerequisite(s): None.

Examines the history of correctional systems in Canada, as well as the current theory and practices of corrections. Topics include sentencing, the incarceration process, probation, parole, institutional programs, rehabilitation, offender case management, community-based correctional programs, correctional workers, and community involvement in corrections.

CRIM 265

3 credits

Problem Management Skills for Criminal Justice Interventions

Prerequisite(s): CRIM 129 or (CRIM 100, CRIM 103, and one of CMNS 125 or ENGL 105). Note: As of January 2022, prerequisites will change to: CRIM 100, CRIM 103, and one of CMNS 125 or ENGL 105.

Provides students with foundational concepts and skills for responding to common criminal justice situations. Students learn and apply communication, teamwork, and leadership concepts and strategies; apply problem-solving, conflict, and ethical decision-making models; and examine their own strengths and weaknesses using personality assessment instruments.

CRIM 281

6 credits

Practicum I

Prerequisite(s): CRIM 100, CRIM 103, CRIM 104, CRIM 105, (B- or better in CRIM 129), CRIM 265, (one of CMNS 125, CMNS 155, or ENGL 105 or higher); CGPA of 2.67 or greater, and department permission.

Provides students with a supervised work experience in a criminal justice or community agency.

Note: Enrolment in this course is by prior arrangement with the Career Development Coordinator

CRIM 310

3 credits

Advanced Theoretical Perspectives

Prerequisite(s): 45 university-level credits including CRIM 100, CRIM 104, and CRIM 105.

Explores the diverse nature of knowledge within the field of crime and deviance by focusing on contemporary criminological theories and their related research. Practical and political implications of the theories are also discussed.

CRIM 311

3 credits

Diversity, Crime, and Criminal Justice in Canada

Prerequisite(s): 45 university-level credits including CRIM 100, CRIM 103, and 3 additional credits of 100- or 200-level CRIM.

Examines the social construction of “difference” and inequalities faced by selected identity groups in their interactions with Canadian laws and the criminal justice system. Students will explore innovative options for social change and social justice.

CRIM 320

3 credits

Quantitative Research Techniques

Prerequisite(s): Admission to the Bachelor of Arts (Criminal Justice) and 45 university-level credits including CRIM 220, 6 additional credits of 100- or 200-level CRIM, and one of (STAT 104, STAT 106, or PSYC 110 with a C or better).

Students will become familiar with quantitative data analyses. The concepts underlying statistical tests will be discussed. Students will also gain practical experience with statistics using a statistical program on computers to analyze and interpret data.

CRIM 321

3 credits

Qualitative Research Methods

Prerequisite(s): Admission to the Bachelor of Arts (Criminal Justice) and 45 university-level credits including CRIM 220 and 6 additional credits of 100- or 200-level CRIM.

Examines the foundations of research and the qualitative methods and techniques most commonly used in criminology. Will involve critical analysis of methods, consideration of ethics, and the design and completion of a qualitative research project.

CRIM 330

3 credits

Criminal Procedure and Evidence

Prerequisite(s): 45 university-level credits including CRIM 103, CRIM 230, and 3 additional credits of 100- or 200-level CRIM.

Examines the progression of criminal cases through the court system. Topics include jurisdiction, search and seizure, arrest, judicial interim release, the determination of admissibility of evidence, and the impact of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms on criminal procedure and evidence.

CRIM 335

3 credits

Justice and Human Rights

Prerequisite(s): 45 university-level credits including CRIM 100 and 6 additional credits of 100- or 200-level CRIM. Note: As of January 2022, prerequisites will change to: 60 university-level credits including CRIM 103 and CRIM 135.

Examines the historical, legal, and political nature of human rights in Canada and internationally, emphasizing key tensions in the theory and practice of justice and human rights. Considers the role of justice systems in protecting and denying civil, political, and equality rights and rights of redress, especially for vulnerable groups.

CRIM 339

3 credits

Professional Ethics in Criminal Justice

Prerequisite(s): 45 university-level credits including CRIM 100, CRIM 103, and 3 additional credits of 100- or 200-level CRIM.

Studies professional ethics in the criminal justice system, with a special focus on law enforcement. Four main subject areas include ethics education, dominant theoretical approaches, development of professional ethics, and ethical leadership.

CRIM 400

3 credits

Terrorism

Prerequisite(s): 60 university-level credits including 9 credits of 100- or 200-level CRIM.

Examines the nature, extent, and causes of terrorism as an officially designated crime. Emphasis is placed on extremism as a foundation for terrorism, specific types of terrorism, and how governments and law enforcement agencies seek to counter terrorism.

CRIM 402

3 credits

Mental Disorder and Crime

Prerequisite(s): 60 university-level credits including 9 credits of 100- or 200-level CRIM.

Students will review the history and current legislation that govern mental disorder and crime. The relationship between crime and specific disorders, such as Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder and schizophrenia, will be examined. The response to these disorders by criminal justice agencies will be evaluated.

CRIM 403

3 credits

Advanced Studies in Youth Crime and Justice

Prerequisite(s): 60 university-level credits, including CRIM 210 and six additional credits of 100- or 200-level CRIM.

Provides students with a developmental perspective on serious and violent youth offending, and the role of the criminal justice system and community agencies in mitigating risk.

CRIM 410

3 credits

Selected Topics in Crime and Criminal Justice

Prerequisite(s): 60 university-level credits including CRIM 100, CRIM 103, and 3 additional credits of 100- or 200-level CRIM.

Critically reviews selected criminal justice phenomena through an analysis of theory, methods, and research.

Note: Students should check with the School of Criminology and Criminal Justice or the timetable to determine content area and pre-requisites for a particular semester.

CRIM 411

3 credits

Directed Studies

Prerequisite(s): Permission of the director and the dean.

Independent reading and research topics selected in consultation with the supervising instructor.

Note: Students interested in more information should contact the School of Criminology and Criminal Justice.

CRIM 412

3 credits

Organized Crime

Prerequisite(s): 60 university-level credits including CRIM 100, CRIM 103, and 3 additional credits of 100- or 200-level CRIM.

Examines the issue of organized crime in Canada and its transnational dimension. Grounded in empirical research on various forms of organized crime and on the effectiveness of the criminal justice system response to this particular threat.

CRIM 414

3 credits

Intervention Techniques in Corrections

Prerequisite(s): 60 university-level credits including CRIM 100, CRIM 103, and three additional credits of 100- or 200-level CRIM.

Examines the techniques that corrections personnel and associated professionals use to change criminal behaviour and reduce recidivism. Intervention techniques include counselling, therapy, and behaviour modification. Evidence of effectiveness of various intervention techniques for different types of offenders will be discussed.

CRIM 416

3 credits

Media, Crime, and Criminal Justice

Prerequisite(s): 60 university-level credits including CRIM 100, CRIM 103, and 3 additional credits of 100- or 200-level CRIM.

Focuses on the relationship between media and the criminal justice system. The “social construction of reality”, role of the media in creating and maintaining ideologies about crime, media distortion and sensationalism, and media as a cause and cure for crime are discussed.

CRIM 417

3 credits

Leadership in Groups and Organizations

Prerequisite(s): Acceptance into the Criminal Justice degree program with a minimum of 45 university-level credits, to include BUS 203 or BUS 307 and nine credits of lower-level CRIM including CRIM 100; or permission of the School of Criminology and Criminal Justice

This theoretical and competency-based leadership course prepares students to assess and develop their potential for leadership. Students will learn the differences between leadership and management, study an overview of leadership theory, including international and Aboriginal perspectives on leadership, and learn a new model for transformative leadership interventions for groups and organizations. Students will assess and develop key knowledge and skill areas that will enable them to facilitate the development of individuals, groups, and organizations. Students will develop the ability to shift styles, skills, and roles appropriately, thereby increasing the effectiveness of their interventions.

CRIM 418

3 credits

Techniques of Crime Prevention

Prerequisite(s): 60 university-level credits including CRIM 100, CRIM 103, and 3 additional credits of 100- or 200-level CRIM.

Critically examinesthe contemporary field of crime prevention. Studentswill examine the theoretical foundations of various approaches to crime prevention and the evaluative research available to assess the efficacy of these initiatives.

CRIM 419

3 credits

Victimology

Prerequisite(s): 60 university-level credits including 9 credits of 100- or 200-level CRIM.

An introduction to victimology’s key concepts and to the study of various forms of victimization, the risk of victimization, the experience of victims of crime, the rights of victims, and the impact of various forms of victimization and associated trauma.

CRIM 435

3 credits

Innovations in Criminal Justice and Public Safety

Prerequisite(s): 45 university-level credits including CRIM 100, CRIM 103, and 3 additional credits of 100- or 200-level CRIM.

Identifies areas within the criminal justice system where current processes, techniques, methods, and approaches appear to be either ineffective or inefficient, discusses the reasons for the current problems, and explores innovative, evidence-based strategies to prevent crime and improve the criminal justice system.

CRIM 450

3 credits

Social Policy Analysis

Prerequisite(s): Admission to the Bachelor of Arts (Criminal Justice) and 90 university-level credits including CRIM 100, CRIM 103, and 3 additional credits of 100-or 200-level CRIM.

Discusses how social and criminal justice problems are recognized, defined, and solved with policy. Focuses on the construction, implementation, and evaluation of policy, and examines various influencing forces over policymaking.

CRIM 479

3 credits

Professional Practice

Prerequisite(s): Acceptance into the Bachelor of Arts (Criminal Justice) degree, CRIM 310, CRIM 311, CRIM 320, CRIM 321, minimum CGPA of 2.67, and department permission.

Prepares students for criminal justice field placement learning through the application and analysis of foundational concepts, skills, and theories from previous coursework, drawing links between theory and practice.

Note: See additional practicum regulations in the academic calendar.

CRIM 480

6 credits

Practicum II

Prerequisite(s): Acceptance into the Bachelor of Arts (Criminal Justice) degree, B- or better in CRIM 479, minimum CPGA of 2.67, and department permission.

Provides students with a supervised work experience in a criminal justice or community agency.

Note: Enrolment in this course is by prior arrangement with the Career Development Coordinator. See additional practicum regulations in the academic calendar.

CRIM 481

6 credits

Field Work Practicum

Prerequisite(s): CRIM 281, CRIM 310, CRIM 311, CRIM 320, CRIM 330, CRIM 335 and instructor's permission

This is a supervised work experience in a criminal justice or community agency. The goals and objectives of this course are similar to the field work practicum in CRIM 280/281; however, more advanced levels of performance are required. (Enrolment in this course is by prior arrangement with the Career Development Coordinator, Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice.)

CRIM 490

4 credits

Honours Thesis Development

Prerequisite(s): Acceptance into the Criminal Justice Honours program and permission of a supervising instructor.

This course provides students enrolled in the Criminal Justice Honours program an opportunity to develop a research proposal consisting of i) a comprehensive critical review of the literature related to their Honours thesis project; ii) a data collection instrument; and iii) request for ethical review and minimal risk checklist. The course is taken under the direction of a single faculty member. The student will meet with their supervisor on a regular basis to develop their research proposal.

CRIM 491

6 credits

Honours Project

Prerequisite(s): Acceptance into the Criminal Justice Honours program, permission of a supervising instructor, and CRIM 490.

This course provides students enrolled in the Criminal Justice Honours program with an opportunity to collect and analyze the data for their honours thesis proposal developed in CRIM 490 and to disseminate their research findings in a research paper and public presentation.

CRIM 700

3 credits

Contemporary Issues in Canadian Criminal Justice

Prerequisite(s): Admission to the Master of Arts (Criminal Justice).   

A foundations course which will critically examine the goals, structure, and practices of the criminal justice system in terms of its capacity to respond to the problems of crime and criminals, and the needs of victims and the community.

CRIM 705

3 credits

Policy Analysis and Social Justice

Prerequisite(s): Admission to the Master of Arts (Criminal Justice).

Major issues in the field of social and criminal justice policy are analyzed within a framework of social justice. Students develop an understanding of a variety of policy and analysis models and major analytical activities including the examination of the social, political, historical, and economic contexts that contribute to policy development.

CRIM 710

3 credits

Change Management in the Criminal Justice System

Prerequisite(s): Admission to the Master of Arts (Criminal Justice).

Covers principles and theories of change within public safety and criminal justice. Students learn how to anticipate, plan, facilitate, implement, and evaluate change.

CRIM 715

3 credits

Foundational Research Skills

Prerequisite(s): Admission to the Master of Arts (Criminal Justice).

Provides students with the foundational skills required to design and carry out a small-scale research project for their major paper requirements.

CRIM 730

3 credits

Ethical and Legal Issues in Criminal Justice

Prerequisite(s): Admission to the Master of Arts (Criminal Justice).

Emphasizes ethical and legal issues facing practitioners and institutions within the Canadian criminal justice system.

CRIM 745

3 credits

Human Resource Administration in Criminal Justice

Prerequisite(s): Admission to the Master of Arts (Criminal Justice).

Focuses on issues in personnel management relating to job analysis, performance appraisal, productivity assessment, compensation, recruitment, selection, promotion, career development, disciplinary systems and civil liability, collective bargaining agreements, and other labor management matters.

CRIM 755

3 credits

Selected Topics in Criminal Justice

Prerequisite(s): Admission to the Master of Arts (Criminal Justice).

Critically reviews topics in advanced theory, methods, and research in criminal justice. Topics will vary with instructor.

CRIM 765

3 credits

Crime and Intelligence Analysis for Crime Reduction

Prerequisite(s): Admission to the Master of Arts (Criminal Justice).

Provides theoretical knowledge of the precursors to and outcomes of crime in society and a foundation for the application of crime reduction concepts and skills similar to those used by crime and intelligence analysts to derive practical responses to crime.

CRIM 775

3 credits

Criminal Justice Reform: Theory and Practice

Prerequisite(s): Admission to the Master of Arts (Criminal Justice).

Reviews key concepts and approaches to designing coherent action in response to complex criminal justice issues. Challenges are considered primarily from the perspective of criminal justice leaders and managers, working at the interface of politics, policy making, and operational delivery.

CRIM 785

3 credits

Methods of Research and Evaluation

Prerequisite(s): Admission to the Master of Arts (Criminal Justice).

Provides students with an understanding of quantitative and qualitative research, and the field of program evaluation. The principles of research methodology and program evaluation are examined, such as data collection, research designs, logic models, and process monitoring. Students develop the skills to critically evaluate published research and design evaluation studies.

CRIM 790

5 credits

MA Major Paper

Prerequisite(s): Admission to the Master of Arts (Criminal Justice) and completion of 24 graduate-level credits.

Students develop an original piece of research in which they conduct a comprehensive literature review, critique past research, and make concluding recommendations. Students work with a senior supervisor and orally defend their major paper to their supervisor and an external reviewer.

CRIM 799

8 credits

MA Thesis

Prerequisite(s): Admission to the Master of Arts (Criminal Justice) and completion of 24 graduate-level credits.

Students design, conduct, and submit an original piece of research under the supervision of a supervisory committee. Students orally defend their thesis to their supervisory committee and an external examiner.

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